j(x) = 2log(x – 4) – 3
The graph is 3 units below the parent graph.
The vertical shift of the graph is 5 units up.
The vertical shift of the graph is 5 units down.
y = 10^{x} + 3
Graph  Function  Description 
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l(x) = 4(10)^{x} – 5 
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The graph is 3 units above the parent graph. 
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